Assessing the spatiotemporal dynamics of water volumes in large wetlands and lakes by combining remote sensing with macro-scale hydrological modelling (WLDYN)
The overall goal of this project is to quantitatively characterize the water storage dynamics of large lakes and wetlands around the globe by combining satellite information on water level height and open water extent with global-scale hydrological modelling.
Large lakes and wetlands are very important components of the global water cycle, affecting evapotranspiration, runoff and precipitation. Flow and storage dynamics of large lakes and wetlands have a strong influence on downstream river flows, and thus water availability and flood risk. Lakes and wetlands form the habitat of a large number of species, while lakes provide water, food and transport to humans. Many lakes and wetlands are strongly impacted by human action, including water use. Therefore, a better understanding and an improved modelling of flow and storage dynamics of large lakes and wetlands is required.
Today, the assessment of lake and wetland systems and of the river basins in which they are located are strongly limited by the availability of time series of in-situ observations of discharge, water table and open water area.
DGFI contributes to this project by retrieving higher-accuracy time series of water table elevation of large lakes and wetlands from stallite altimetry, using improved retracking and various satellite missions. Furthermore, time series of surface water area and water storage of the water bodies shall be retireved. To understand the dynamic water balance, the consistent time series of water elevation, area and storage will be combined with hydrological modelling through model validation or calibration by the project partners.
The project covers the time period 1993-2011 and focuses on six study areas, three large lakes with small variations in surface water extent, and three large seasonal wetlands:
- Lake Tanganyika
- Lake Turkana
- Lake Constance
- Tonle Sap and surrounding floodplains
- Sudd Swamps